Explaining Bacteria and Enzymes

Bacteria reproduce by a process called binary fission, one cell divides and becomes two. Some can reproduce at a very rapid rate under proper conditions. If food and moisture are adequate and the temperature is right, certain bacteria can reproduce in as little as twenty minutes. In only eight hours, the original cell will have multiplied to nearly 17 million new bacteria!

Enzymes are proteins that are produced naturally by plants, animals, bacteria, fungi and all other living things, and are absolutely necessary for life. They are catalysts that accelerate the rate of chemical reaction without changing themselves. Commercially available enzymes are derived from bacteria and fungi such as Bacillus, Aspergillus and Trichoderma species.

Enzymes work by breaking apart large complex compounds (substrates) into smaller, more readily absorbed nutrients that bacteria can utilize. Only very small quantities of enzymes are needed to change very large quantities of substrate: typically enzyme to substrate ratios can range from 1:1,000 to 1:1,000,000.

In the past, biological products have come in two forms, liquids and powders. The important thing to remember about biological products is that you are dealing with live organisms. When bacteria eat and reproduce in non-laboratory conditions (specific pH, temperature and food source), each generation becomes less and less effective. Manufacturers add a food source to both liquid and dry products. The food source is most often a cereal grain of some sort. As the bacteria eat and reproduce in these non-laboratory conditions, the product's effectiveness decreases rapidly. By the time the product is purchased for use, the buyer has no guarantee of any effectiveness. In addition, liquids and powder forms of this type have a short shelf life.

Laguna Ltd. utilizes a patented micro-encapsulation process in all of its products. The bacteria are in a state of suspended animation or "dormancy". When the product is mixed with water, the protective barrier is dissolved and the user is insured that the highest count possible of first generation bacteria is ready to go to work on the application. The patented micro-encapsulation process allows us to have a shelf life of a minimum of 2 years.

Why not bacteria or enzymes only? In the past, biological products have come in two forms; bacteria formulations, enzyme producing bacteria formulations and enzyme only formulations. A crash course in microbiology shows that all bacteria produce their own specific enzymes to aid in the digestion of the food source that Mother Nature created them to eat. By using a "bacteria only" or "enzyme producing bacteria" (remember that ALL bacteria produce enzymes), you are counting on the bacteria to produce their own enzymes to do the job they were bought to do. Unfortunately, since the majority of products are not stabilized, you are asking the ineffective strains to perform a task that they simply cannot handle. By using an enzyme only product, you simply are not "finishing" the job. Enzyme only products simply convert food sources into simpler forms without digesting them completely. Enzyme only products usually only pass the problem down the line to cause substantially larger problems later. By combining the proper bacteria strains with the appropriate enzymes, these formulas have an immediate action. This immediate digestion enables our bacteria strains to "adhere" to food sources, where they continue to eat until the food source is gone. It is important to remember that the "food source" is usually the problem that you bought the product to solve.

The strain of bacteria/enzyme developed in the BLIXITT Bio-Tab formulation is faculative (meaning that the bacteria can operate in aerobic as well as anaerobic conditions). However, there is considerable more effectiveness when this strain of bacteria/enzyme operates under aerobic (in the presence of oxygen) conditions. Anaerobic (in the absence of oxygen) conditions force these bacteria to utilize alternate sources of oxygen. Under aerobic conditions, this strain of bacteria is allowed freedom to readily digest food sources (petroleum hydrocarbons) without having to "worry" about an oxygen source. Therefore the effectiveness of this unique bacteria/enzyme formulation is increased 10 fold in aerobic conditions.


Water Treatment Division
PO Box 5 
Fairview, Oregon 97024